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In Review


Accepted / In Press

JXXX. Liquid imbibition in ceramic-coated carbon nanotube films.
H. Zhao, C. Jacob, H.A. Stone, A.J. Hart. Langmuir


J122. Ultrathin high-resolution flexographic printing of electronic materials using nanoporous stamps.
S. Kim, H. Sojoudi, H. Zhao, D. Mariappan, G.H. McKinley, K.K. Gleason, A.J. Hart. Science Advances.

J121. Morphology-dependent load transfer governs the strength and failure mechanism of carbon nanotube yarns.
A. Rao, S. Tawfick, M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart. Extreme Mechanics Letters.

J120. Conformal robotic stereolithography.
A.G. Stevens, C.R. Oliver, M. Kirchmeyer, J. Wu, L. Chin, E.S. Polsen, C. Archer, C. Boyle, J. Garber, A.J. Hart. 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing.

J119. Real-time imaging of self-organization and mechanical competition in carbon nanotube forest growth.
B. Viswanath, M. Bedewey, E.R. Meshot, S.W. Pattinson, E.S. Polsen, F. Laye, D.N. Zakharov, E. Stach, A.J. Hart. ACS Nano

J118. Universal handheld micropipette.
J. Beroz, A.J. Hart. Review of Scientific Instruments.

J117. Molecular gastronomy meets 3D printing: layered construction via reverse spherification.
G. D’Angelo, H.N. Hansen, A.J. Hart. 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing.

J116. Measurement of the dewetting, nucleation, and deactivation kinetics of carbon nanotube population growth by environmental transmission electron microscopy.
M. Bedewy, B. Viswanath, E.R. Meshot, D.N. Zakharov, E.A. Stach, A.J. Hart. Chemistry of Materials.

J115. Predictive synthesis of freeform carbon nanotube microarchitectures by strain-engineered chemical vapor deposition.
S.J. Park, H. Zhao, S. Kim, M. De Volder, A.J. Hart. Small.

J114. Highly consistent atmospheric pressure synthesis of carbon nanotube forests by mitigation of moisture transients.
J. Li, M. Bedewy, A.O. White, E.S. Polsen, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart. Journal of Physical Chemistry C.

J113. A framework for teaching the fundamentals of additive manufacturing and enabling rapid innovation.
J. Go, A.J. Hart. Additive Manufacturing.

J112. High-fidelity replica molding of glassy liquid crystalline polymer microstructures.
H. Zhao*, J.J. Wie*, D. Copic*, C.R. Oliver, A.O. White, S. Kim, A.J. Hart. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces.

J111. On-demand isolation and manipulation of C. elegans by in vitro maskless photopatterning.
C.R. Oliver, E. Gourgou, D. Bazopoulou, N. Chronis, A.J. Hart. PLoS ONE.

J110. Strain relaxation and resonance of carbon nanotube forests under electrostatic loading.
A. Ya’akobovitz, M. Bedewy, A. Rao, A.J. Hart. Carbon.



J109. Art on the nanoscale and beyond.
A.K. Yetisen, A.F. Coskun, G. England, S. Cho, H. Butt, J. Hurwitz, M. Kolle, A. Khademhosseini, A.J. Hart, A. Folch, S.H. Yun. Advanced Materials.

J108. Anisotropic microwave conductivity dispersion of horizontally aligned multi-walled carbon-nanotube thin film on flexible substrate.
L. Si, H. Wei, L. Min, T. Mingguang, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart, Z. Qi, X. Hao. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques.

J107. Three-dimensional machining of carbon nanotube forests using water-assisted scanning electron microscope processing.
B. Rajabifar, S. Kim, K. Slinker, G.J. Ehlert, A.J. Hart, and M.R. Maschmann. Applied Physics Letters.

J106. Extremely elastic wearable carbon nanotube fiber strain sensor for monitoring of human motion.
S. Ryu, P. Lee, J.B. Chou, R. Xu, R. Zhao, A.J. Hart, and S. Kim. ACS Nano.

J105. High speed roll-to-roll manufacturing of graphene using a concentric tube reactor.
E.S. Polsen, D.Q. McNerny, B. Viswanath, S.W. Pattinson, A.J. Hart. Scientific Reports.

J104. Corrugated paraffin nanocomposite films as large stroke thermal actuators and self-activating thermal interfaces.
D. Copic, A.J. Hart. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces.

J103. Electrostatic capacitance and Faraday cage behavior of carbon nanotube forests.
A. Ya’akobovitz, M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart. Applied Physics Letters.

J102. Mechanism and enhanced yield of carbon nanotube growth on stainless steel by oxygen-induced surface reconstruction.
S. Pattinson, B. Viswanath, D. Zakharov, J. Li, E.A. Stach, A.J. Hart. Chemistry of Materials.



J101. Enhanced surface capacitance of cylindrical micropillar arrays.
A. Ya’akobovitz, A.J. Hart. Sensors and Actuators.

J100. Scaling the stiffness, strength, and toughness of ceramic-coated nanotube foams into the structural regime.
A. Brieland-Shoultz*, S. Tawfick*, S.J. Park*, M. Bedewy, M.R. Maschmann, J. W. Baur, A.J. Hart. Advanced Functional Materials.

J99. Strain-engineered manufacturing of freeform carbon nanotube microstructures.
M. De Volder*, S.J. Park*, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart. Nature Communications.

J98. Materials, fabrication, and manufacturing of micro/nanostructured surfaces for phase-change heat transfer enhancement.
M. McCarthy, K. Gerasopolous, S.C. Maroo, A.J. Hart. Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering.

J97. Self-ordering of small-diameter metal nanoparticles by dewetting on hexagonal mesh templates.
E.R. Meshot, Z. Zhao, W. Lu, A.J. Hart. Nanoscale.

J96. Direct fabrication of graphene on SiO2 via thin film stress engineering.
D. McNerny, B, Viswanath, D. Copic, F. Laye, C. Prohoda, A. Brieland-Shoultz, E.S. Polsen, N.T. Dee, V.S. Veerasamy, A.J. Hart. Scientific Reports.

J95. Synergetic chemical coupling controls the uniformity of carbon nanotube microstructures.
M. Bedewy*, B. Farmer*, A.J. Hart. ACS Nano.

J94. Precise control of elastocapillary densification of nanostructures via low pressure condensation.
S. Park, A.J. Schmidt, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering.

J93. Simultaneously high stiffness and damping in nanoengineered microtruss composites.
J. Meaud*, T. Sain*, B. Yeom*, S. Park*, A. Brieland-Shoultz, G. Hulbert, N.A. Kotov, A.J. Hart, E.M. Arruda, A.M. Waas. ACS Nano.

J92. Directed growth of primary motor neurons on horizontally aligned carbon nanotube films and striped patterns.
M.J. Roberts, M.K. Leach, M. Bedewy, E.R. Meshot, D. Copic, J.M. Corey, A.J. Hart. Journal of Neural Engineering.

J91. Extensible-link kinematic model for characterizing and optimizing compliant mechanism motion.
J. Beroz, S. Awtar, A.J. Hart. ASME Journal of Mechanical Design.

J90. Rapid anisotropic photoconductive response of ZnO-coated aligned carbon nanotube sheets.
J.G. Ok, J. Lee, H. Baac, S. Tawfick, L.J. Guo, A.J. Hart. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces.

J89. Continuum analysis of carbon nanotube array buckling enabled by anisotropic elastic measurements and modeling.
M.R. Maschmann, G.J. Ehlert, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart, J.W. Baur. Carbon.



J88. Robofurnace: A semi-automated laboratory CVD system for high-throughput nanomaterial synthesis and process discovery.
C.R. Oliver, W. Westrick, J. Koehler, A. Brieland-Shoultz, I. Anagnostopoulos Politis, T. Cruz-Gonazalez, A.J. Hart. Review of Scientific Instruments.

J87. Local relative density modulates failure and strength in vertically aligned carbon nanotubes.
S. Pathak, N. Mohan, E. Decolvenaere, A. Needleman, M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart, J.R. Greer. ACS Nano.

J86. Self-assembly of suspended collagen films and their viability as cell culture substrates.
M.J. Roberts, N. Bhatt, C.M. Voge, E.R. Meshot, J.P. Stegemann, A.J. Hart. Journal of Materials Chemistry B.

J85. Enhancing the tensile properties of continuous millimeter-scale carbon nanotube fibers by densification.
F.A. Hill, T.F. Havel, A.J. Hart, C. Livermore. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces.

J84. Decoupled control of carbon nanotube forest diameter and density by continuous-feed convective assembly of catalyst particles.
E.S. Polsen, M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart. Small.

J83. Measurement of carbon nanotube microstructure density by optical attenuation and observation of size-dependent density variations.
S.J. Park, A.J. Schmidt, M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2013.

J82. Statistical analysis of variation in laboratory growth of carbon nanotube forests and recommendations for improvement of process consistency.
C.R. Oliver*, E.S. Polsen*, E.R. Meshot, S. Tawfick, S.J. Park, M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart. ACS Nano, 2013.

J81. Laser printing of nanoparticle toner enables digital control of micropatterned carbon nanotube growth.
E.S. Polsen*, A.G. Stevens*, A.J. Hart. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2013.

J80. Mechanics of capillary forming of aligned carbon nanotube assemblies.
S. Tawfick, Z. Zhao, M.R. Maschmann, A. Brieland-Shoultz, M. De Volder, J.W. Baur, W. Lu, A.J. Hart. Langmuir, 2013.

J79. Mechanical coupling limits the density and quality of self-organized carbon nanotube growth.
M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart. Nanoscale, 2013.

J78. Nanoscale displacement measurement of microdevices via interpolation-based edge tracking of optical images.
A. Ya’akobovitz, D. Copic, J. Beroz, A.J. Hart. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2013.

J77. Engineering hierarchical nanostructures by elastocapillary self-assembly.
M. De Volder, A.J. Hart. Angewandte Chemie, 2013.

J76. Carbon nanotubes: present and future commercial applications.
M. De Volder, S. Tawfick, R.H. Baughman, A.J. Hart. Science, 2013.



C31. Direct-write self-assembly of 3D colloidal microstructures.
J.D. Beroz, M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart. Solid-State Sensor, Actuator, and Microsystems Workshop, Hilton Head, SC, 2012

J75. Carbon nanotube optoacoustic lens for focused ultrasound generation and high-precision targeted therapy.
H.W. Baac, J.G. Ok, A. Maxwell, K.T. Lee, Y.C. Chen, A.J. Hart, Z. Xu, E. Yoon, L.J. Guo. Scientific Reports, 2012.

J74. Visualizing strain evolution and coordinated buckling in CNT arrays by in situ digital image correlation.
M.R. Maschmann, G. Ehlert, S.J. Park, D. Mollenhauer, B. Maryuama, A.J. Hart, J.W. Baur. Advanced Functional Materials, 2012.

J73. Wide range control of microstructure and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube forests: A comparison between fixed and floating catalyst CVD techniques.
O. Yaglioglu, A. Cao, A.J. Hart, R. Martens, A.H. Slocum. Advanced Functional Materials, 2012.

J72. Anisotropic Janus catalysts for spatially controlled chemical reactions.
W. Lv, K. Lee, J. Li, T. Park, A.J. Hart, F. Zhang, J. Lahann. Small, 2012.

J71. Diameter-dependent kinetics of activation and deactivation in carbon nanotube population growth.
M. Bedewy, E.R. Meshot, A.J. Hart. Carbon, 2012.

J70. Fabrication, densification, and replica molding of 3D carbon nanotube microstructures.
D. Copic, S.J. Park, S. Tawfick, M. De Volder, A.J. Hart. Journal of Visualized Experiments, 2012.

J69. High-speed in situ X-ray scattering of carbon nanotube film nucleation and self-organization.
E.R. Meshot, E.A. Verploegen, M. Bedewy, S. Tawfick, A.R. Woll, K.S. Green, M. Hromalik, L.J. Koerner, H.T. Philipp, M.W. Tate, S.M. Gruner, A.J. Hart. ACS Nano, 2012.

J68. Synthesis of tall carpets of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes via in situ generation of water vapor by preheating of added oxygen.
G.D. Nessim, A. Al-Obeidi, H. Grisaru, E.S. Polsen, C.R. Oliver, T. Zimrin, A.J. Hart, D. Aurbach, C.V. Thompson. Carbon, 2012.

J67. Capillary bending of Janus carbon nanotube micropillars.
S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart, M. De Volder. Nanoscale, 2012.

J66. Engineering of micro- and nanostructured surfaces with anisotropic geometries and properties.
S. Tawfick, M. De Volder, D. Copic, S.J. Park, E.S. Polsen, C.R. Oliver, M.J. Roberts, A.J. Hart. Advanced Materials, 2012.

J65. Photoconductive hybrid films via directional self-assembly of C60 on aligned carbon nanotubes.
E.R. Meshot, K. Patel, S. Tawfick, K.A. Juggernauth, M. Bedewy, E.A. Verploegen, M. De Volder, A.J. Hart. Advanced Functional Materials, 2012.

J64. Four degree of freedom liquid dispenser for direct-write capillary self-assembly with sub-nanoliter precision.
J. Beroz, M. Bedewy, M. Reinker, V. Chhajer, S. Awtar, A.J. Hart. Review of Scientific Instruments, 2012.

J63. Chemically controlled bending of compositionally anisotropic microcylinders.
S. Saha, D. Copic, S. Bhaskar, N. Clay, A. Donini, A.J. Hart, J. Lahann. Angewandte Chemie, 2012.


C30. Compliant microgripper with parallel straight-line jaw trajectory.
J.D. Beroz, S. Awtar, M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart. ASPE Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, 2011.

C29. Hygroscopic biomimetic transducers made from CNT-hydrogel composites.
M. De Volder, S. Tawfick, D. Copic, A.J. Hart. 16th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems, Beijing, China, 2011.

C28. Programmable transformation of vertical carbon nanotubes into 3D microstructures.
M. De Volder, S. Tawfick, S.J. Park, D. Copic, A.J. Hart. 16th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems, Beijing, China, 2011.

J62. Population growth dynamics of carbon nanotubes.
M. Bedewy, E.R. Meshot, M.J. Reinker, A.J. Hart. ACS Nano, 2011.

J61. Hydrogel-driven carbon nanotube microtransducers.
M. De Volder, S. Tawfick, D. Copic, A.J. Hart. Soft Matter, 2011.

J60. Corrugated carbon nanotube microstructures with geometrically tunable compliance.
M. De Volder, S. Tawfick, S.J. Park, A.J. Hart. ACS Nano, 2011.

J59. Hierarchical carbon nanowire microarchitectures made by plasma-assisted pyrolysis of photoresist.
M. De Volder, R. Vansweevelt, P. Wagner, D. Reynaerts, C. Van Hoof, A.J. Hart. ACS Nano, 2011.

J58. Structurally programmed capillary folding of vertical carbon nanotube assemblies.
S. Tawfick, M. De Volder, A.J. Hart. Langmuir, 2011.

J57. Continuous production of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes on 2D and 3D substrates.
R. Guzman de Villoria, A.J. Hart, B.L. Wardle. ACS Nano, 2011

J56. Non-destructive characterization of structural hierarchy within carbon nanotube assemblies.
E.A. Verploegen, A.J. Hart, M. De Volder, S. Tawfick, K.K. Chia, R.E. Cohen. Journal of Applied Physics, 2011.

J55. Fabrication of high-aspect-ratio polymer microstructures and hierarchical textures using carbon nanotube composite master molds.
D. Copic, S.J. Park, S. Tawfick, M. De Volder, A.J. Hart. Lab on a Chip, 2011.

J54. Fabrication and electrical integration of robust carbon nanotube micropillars by self-directed elastocapillary densification.
M. De Volder, S.J. Park, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2011.

J53. Multidirectional hierarchical nanocomposites made by carbon nanotube growth within layer-by-layer assembled films.
J. Li, S. Srivastava, J.G. Ok, Y. Zhang, M. Bedewy, N.A. Kotov, A.J. Hart. Chemistry of Materials, 2011.

J52. Precursor gas chemistry determines the crystallinity of carbon nanotubes synthesized at low temperature.
G.D. Nessim, M. Seita, D.L. Plata, K.P. O’Brien, A.J. Hart, E.R. Meshot, C.M. Reddy, P.M. Gschwend, C.V. Thompson. Carbon, 2011.


51. Carbon nanotube composite optoacoustic transmitters for strong and high frequency ultrasound generation.
H.W. Baac, J.G. Ok, H.J. Park, T. Ling, S.L. Chen, A.J. Hart, L.J. Guo. Applied Physics Letters, 2010.

50. Multiple alkynes react with ethylene to enhance carbon nanotube synthesis, suggesting a polymerization-like formation mechanism.
D.L. Plata*, E.R. Meshot*, C.M. Reddy, A.J. Hart, P.M. Gschwend. ACS Nano, 2010.

49. Bending of nanoscale filament assemblies by elastocapillary densification
Z. Zhao, S. Tawfick, S.J. Park, M. De Volder, A.J. Hart, W. Lu. Physical Review E, 2010.

48. Diverse 3D microarchitectures made by capillary forming of carbon nanotubes
M. De Volder*, S. Tawfick* (*equal contribution), S.J. Park, D. Copic, Z. Zhao, W. Lu, A.J. Hart. Advanced Materials, 2010.

47. Electrically addressable hybrid architectures of zinc oxide nanowires grown on aligned carbon nanotubes
J.G. Ok, S. Tawfick, K.A. Juggernauth, K. Sun, Y. Zhang, A.J. Hart. Advanced Functional Materials, 2010

46. Characterizing the failure processes that limit the storage of energy in carbon nanotube springs under tension
F.A. Hill, T.F. Havel, A.J. Hart, C. Livermore. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2010.

45. Ethanol-promoted high-yield growth of few-walled carbon nanotubes
Y. Zhang, J. Gregoire, R.B. van Dover, A.J. Hart. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 2010.

44. Measuring the lengthening kinetics of vertically aligned nanostructures by spatiotemporal correlation of height and orientation
E.R. Meshot*, M. Bedewy* (*equal contribution), K.M. Lyons, A.R. Woll, K.A. Juggernauth, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart. Nanoscale, 2010.

43. Nanocomposite microstructures with tunable mechanical and chemical properties
S. Tawfick, X. Deng, A.J. Hart, J. Lahann. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2010.

42. Self-similar organization of arrays of individual carbon nanotubes and carbon nanotube micropillars
M. De Volder, D.O. Vidaud, E.R. Meshot, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart. Microelectronic Engineering, 2010.


41. Collective mechanism for the evolution and self-termination of vertically aligned carbon nanotube growth
M. Bedewy, E.R. Meshot, H. Guo, E.A. Verploegen, W. Lu, A.J. Hart. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2009.

40. Early evaluation of potential environmental impacts of carbon nanotube synthesis by chemical vapor deposition
D.L. Plata, A.J. Hart, C.M. Reddy, P.M. Gschwend. Environmental Science and Technology, 2009.

39. Engineering vertically aligned carbon nanotube growth by decoupled thermal treatment of precursor and catalyst
E.R. Meshot, D.L. Plata, S. Tawfick, Y.Y. Zhang, E.A. Verploegen, A.J. Hart. ACS Nano, 2009.

38. Flexible high conductivity carbon nanotube interconnects made by rolling and printing.
S. Tawfick, K.P. O’Brien, A.J. Hart. Small, 2009.

37. Nanoscale zirconia as a versatile non-metallic catalyst for graphitization of carbon and growth of single and multi-wall carbon nanotubes
S.A. Steiner, T.F. Baumann, B.C. Bayer, M.A. Worsley, W.J. Moberlychan, E.L. Shaw, A.J. Hart, S. Hofmann, B.L. Wardle. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2009.

36. Low temperature synthesis of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes with electrical contact to metallic substrates enabled by thermal decomposition of the carbon feedstock
G.D. Nessim, M. Seita, K.P. O’Brien, A.J. Hart, R.K. Bonaparte, R.R. Mitchell, C.V. Thompson. Nano Letters, 2009.

35. Diffusional self-organization in exponential layer-by-layer films with micro and nanoscale periodicity
P. Podsiadlo, M. Michel, K. Critchley, S. Srivastava, M. Qin, J.W. Lee, E.A. Verploegen, A.J. Hart, Y. Qi, N.A. Kotov. Angewandte Chemie, 2009.

34. Multifunctional properties of high volume fraction aligned carbon nanotube polymer composites with controlled morphology.
H. Cebici, R. Guzman de Villoria, A.J. Hart, B.L. Wardle. Composites Science and Technology, 2009.

33. High-yield growth of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes on a continuously moving substrate
R. Guzman de Villoria, S.L. Figueredo, A.J. Hart, S.A. Steiner, A.H. Slocum, B.L. Wardle. Nanotechnology, 2009.

32. Storing elastic energy in carbon nanotubes
F.A. Hill, T.F. Havel, A.J. Hart, C. Livermore. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 2009.

31. Automated spin-assisted layer-by-layer assembly of nanocomposites.
S. Vozar, Y.C. Poh, T. Serbowicz, M. Bachner, P. Podsiadlo, M. Qin, E. Verploegen, N.A. Kotov, A.J. Hart. Review of Scientific Instruments, 2009.

30. High-yield growth of aligned carbon nanotubes on ceramic fibers for multifunctional enhancement of structural composites.
N. Yamamoto, A.J. Hart, E.J. García, S.S. Wicks, H.M. Duong, A.H. Slocum, B.L. Wardle. Carbon, 2009.

29. Exposure to nanoscale particles and fibers during fabrication and machining of hybrid CNT advanced composites.
D. Bello, B.L. Wardle, K. Ahn, N. Yamamoto, E.J. García, A.J. Hart, M.J. Ellenbecker. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 2009.



2006 and prior

Papers in Conference Proceedings (2010 and prior)

26. A temperature sensor from a self-assembled carbon nanotube bridge.
M. De Volder, S. Tawfick, D. Reynaerts, C. Van Hoof, A.J. Hart. IEEE Sensors Conference, Waikoloa, HI, 2010.

25. Collective mechanisms limiting the indefinite growth of carbon nanotube assemblies.
M. Bedewy, E.R. Meshot, E.S. Polsen, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart. SAMPE Fall Technical Conference, Salt Lake City, UT, 2010.

22. Continuous manufacturing of aligned carbon nanotube film.
E.S. Polsen, S. Tawfick, E.R. Meshot, A.J. Hart. 38th North American Manufacturing Research Conference (NAMRC38), Kingston, Ontario, 2010.

21. Characterizing the failure processes that limit the storage of energy in carbon nanotube springs under tension.
F.A. Hill, T.F. Havel, A.J. Hart, C. Livermore. International Workshop on Micro and Nanotechnology for Power Generation and Energy Conversion Applications (PowerMEMS), Washington, DC, 2009.

19. Controlled growth orientation of carbon nanotube pillars by catalyst patterning in microtrenches.
M. De Volder, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart. 15th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems, Denver, CO, 2009.

Books, Chapters, and Reports (Top)

1. Principles and methods of integration of carbon nanotubes in miniaturized systems

2. Electronic, optical, and optoelectronic applications of carbon nanotubes