The PDF documents on this webpage are provided for educational and personal purposes exclusively and are subject to copyrights of the respective publishers.

Also see Professor Hart's Google Scholar page.


In Review (selected)

In situ mechanical and mechanochemical modulation of carbon nanotube forest growth.

N.T. Dee, M. Bedewy, J. Beroz, A. Rao, H. Zhao, P.R. Kidambi, T. Serbowicz, K. Teichert, E.R. Meshot, B. Lee, P.K. Purohit, and A.J. Hart

Tungsten-carbon nanotube composite photonic crystals as thermally stable spectral-selective absorbers and emitters for thermophotovoltaics.

K. Cui, P. Lemaire, H. Zhao, T. Savas, G. Parsons, A.J. Hart.

SoilSense: In-field determination of soil ion content using a handheld device and screen-printed solid-state ion-selective electrodes.

R. Rosenberg, M.S. Bono, S. Braganza, C. Vaishnav, R. Karnik, A.J. Hart.

Direct-write freeform colloidal assembly.

J.D. Beroz, A.T.L. Tan, K. Kamrin, M. Kolle, A.J. Hart.

Additive manufacturing for engineers and designers: materials, processes, and emerging capabilities.

G. D'Angelo, A.J. Hart, D.B. Pedersen, H.N. Hansen.




A scalable route to nanoporous large-area atomically-thin graphene membranes by roll-to-roll chemical vapor deposition and polymer support casting.

P.R. Kidambi, D.D. Mariappan, N.T. Dee, A. Vyatskikh, S. Zhang, R. Karnik, A.J. Hart.
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 10(12):10369–10378, 2018. [pdf] [doi]

High-precision modular microfluidics by micromilling of interlocking injection-molded blocks.

C.E. Owens, A.J. Hart.
Lab on a Chip. 18:890-901, 2018. [pdf] [doi] [MIT News]

Modulation of the effective density and refractive index of carbon nanotube forests via nanoimprint lithography.

S.J. Park, J.G. Ok, H.J. Park, K. Leec, J.H. Leed, J.D. Kimd, E. Chof, S. Kangf, L.J. Guo, A.J. Hart.
Carbon. 129:8-14, 2018. [pdf] [doi]

Twist-coupled Kirigami cells and mechanisms.

N. Nayakanti, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart.
Extreme Mechanics Letters. 21:17-24, 2018. [pdf] [doi]




Precision control of nanoparticle monolayer assembly: Optimizing rate and crystal quality

M. Bedewy, J. Hu, A.J. Hart
IEEE 17th International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO), 2017.

Stable wettability control of nanoporous microstructures by iCVD coating of carbon nanotubes

H. Sojoudi, S. Kim, H. Zhao, R. K. Annavarapu, D. Mariappan, A.J. Hart, G.H. McKinley, K.K. Gleason.
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 9(49):43287-43299, 2017. [pdf] [doi]

Fast desktop-scale extrusion additive manufacturing.

J. Go, A.J. Hart.
Additive Manufacturing. 18:276-284, 2017. [pdf] [doi] [MIT News] [MIT Tech Review]

Thermophysical phenomena in metal additive manufacturing by selective laser melting: fundamentals, modeling, simulation, and experimentation.

C. Meier, R. Penny, Y. Zou, J.S. Gibbs, A.J. Hart.
Annual Review of Heat Transfer. (in press)

Compression and recovery of carbon nanotube foams described as a phase transition

X. Liang, J. Shin, D. Magagnosc, Y. Jiang, S. Park, A.J. Hart, K.T. Turne, D.S. Gianola, P. Purohit.
International Journal of Solids and Structures. 122-123:196-209, 2017. [pdf] [doi]

Rate limits of additive manufacturing by fused filament fabrication and guidelines for high-throughput system design.

J. Go, S. Schiffres, A.G. Stevens, A.J. Hart.
Additive Manufacturing. 16:1-11, 2017. [pdf] [doi]

Industrial and consumer uses of additive manufacturing: a discussion of capabilities, trajectories and challenges.

H. Quinlan, T. Hasan, J. Jaddou, A.J. Hart.
Journal of Industrial Ecology. 2017. [pdf] [doi]

Selective photo-mechanical detachment and retrieval of divided sister cells from enclosed microfluidics for downstream analyses.

Y.C. Chen, H.W. Baac, K.T. Lee, S. Fouladdel, K. Teichert, J.G. Ok, Y.H. Cheng, P. Ingram, A.J. Hart, E. Azizi, L.J. Guo, M. Wicha, E. Yoon.
ACS Nano. 11(5):4660-4668, 2017. [pdf] [doi]

Additive manufacturing of cellulosic materials with high strength and antimicrobial functionality.

S.W. Pattinson, A.J. Hart.
Advanced Materials Technologies. 2(4):160084, 2017. [pdf] [doi] [MIT News] [MIT Tech Review]

Oxygen-promoted catalyst sintering influences number density, alignment, and wall number of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes.

W. Shi, J. Li, E.S. Polsen, C.R. Oliver, Y. Zhao, E.R. Meshot, H. Fairbrother, A.J. Hart, D.L. Plata.
Nanoscale. 9:5222-5233, 2017. [pdf] [doi]

A framework for localized tool path optimization in fused filament fabrication.

G. Dreifus, B. Rapone, J.C. Bowers, X. Chen, A.J. Hart, B. Krishnamoorthy.
Symposium on Computational Fabrication. June 12-13, 2017. Cambridge, MA. [pdf]


Liquid imbibition in ceramic-coated carbon nanotube films.

H. Zhao, C. Jacob, H.A. Stone, A.J. Hart.
Langmuir. 32(48):12686-12692, 2016. [pdf] [doi]

Real-time imaging of self-organization and mechanical competition in carbon nanotube forest growth.

B. Viswanath, M. Bedewy, E.R. Meshot, S.W. Pattinson, E.S. Polsen, F. Laye, D.N. Zakharov, E. Stach, A.J. Hart.
ACS Nano. 10(12):11496-11504, 2016. [pdf] [doi]

Conformal robotic stereolithography.

A.G. Stevens, C.R. Oliver, M. Kirchmeyer, J. Wu, L. Chin, E.S. Polsen, C. Archer, C. Boyle, J. Garber, A.J. Hart.
3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing. 3(4):226-235, 2016. [pdf] [doi]

Universal handheld micropipette.

J. Beroz, A.J. Hart.
Review of Scientific Instruments. 87:115112, 2016. [pdf] [doi]

Ultrathin high-resolution flexographic printing of electronic materials using nanoporous stamps.

S. Kim, H. Sojoudi, H. Zhao, D. Mariappan, G.H. McKinley, K.K. Gleason, A.J. Hart.
Science Advances. 2:e1601660, 2016. [pdf] [doi] [MIT News] [MIT Tech Review]

Morphology-dependent load transfer governs the strength and failure mechanism of carbon nanotube yarns.

A. Rao, S. Tawfick, M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart.
Extreme Mechanics Letters. 9(1):55-65, 2016. [pdf] [doi]

Molecular gastronomy meets 3D printing: layered construction via reverse spherification.

G. D'Angelo, H.N. Hansen, A.J. Hart.
3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing, 3(3):152-159, 2016. [pdf] [doi]

Measurement of the dewetting, nucleation, and deactivation kinetics of carbon nanotube population growth by environmental transmission electron microscopy.

M. Bedewy, B. Viswanath, E.R. Meshot, D.N. Zakharov, E.A. Stach, A.J. Hart.
Chemistry of Materials, 28(11):3804-3813. [pdf] [doi]

Predictive synthesis of freeform carbon nanotube microarchitectures by strain-engineered chemical vapor deposition.

S.J. Park, H. Zhao, S. Kim, M. De Volder, A.J. Hart.
Small, 12:4393-4403, 2016. [pdf] [video][doi]

Highly consistent atmospheric pressure synthesis of carbon nanotube forests by mitigation of moisture transients.

J. Li, M. Bedewy, A.O. White, E.S. Polsen, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart.
Journal of Physical Chemistry C., 120:112777-11287, 2016. [pdf] [doi]

A framework for teaching the fundamentals of additive manufacturing and enabling rapid innovation.

J. Go, A.J. Hart.
Additive Manufacturing, 10:76-87, 2016. [pdf] [doi]

High-fidelity replica molding of glassy liquid crystalline polymer microstructures.

H. Zhao*, J.J. Wie*, D. Copic*, C.R. Oliver, A.O. White, S. Kim, A.J. Hart.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 8(12):8110-8117, 2016. [pdf] [doi]

On-demand isolation and manipulation of C. elegans by in vitro maskless photopatterning.

C.R. Oliver, E. Gourgou, D. Bazopoulou, N. Chronis, A.J. Hart.
PLoS ONE, 11(1), 2016. [pdf] [doi]

Strain relaxation and resonance of carbon nanotube forests under electrostatic loading.

A. Ya'akobovitz, M. Bedewy, A. Rao, A.J. Hart.
Carbon, 96:250-258, 2016. [pdf] [doi]

Lego brick microfluidics.

C. Owens, A.J. Hart.
20th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (MicroTAS). October, 2016. Dublin, Ireland.

Precision locating of additively manufactured parts using embedded kinematic couplings.

R. Penny, A.J. Hart.
ASPE Topical Meeting on Dimensional Accuracy and Surface Finish in Additive Manufacturing. June 27-30, 2016. Raleigh, NC.

Plate-to-roll apparatus for continuous relief printing using microstructured nanoporous stamps.

D. Mariappan, S. Kim, A.J. Hart.
ASPE Topical Meeting on Precision Mechatronic System Design and Control. April 18-20, 2016. Cambridge, MA.




Art on the nanoscale and beyond.

A.K. Yetisen, A.F. Coskun, G. England, S. Cho, H. Butt, J. Hurwitz, M. Kolle, A. Khademhosseini, A.J. Hart, A. Folch, S.H. Yun.
Advanced Materials, 2015. [pdf] [doi]

Anisotropic microwave conductivity dispersion of horizontally aligned multi-walled carbon-nanotube thin film on flexible substrate.

L. Si, H. Wei, L. Min, T. Mingguang, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart, Z. Qi, X. Hao.
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 11(63):3588-3594, 2015. [pdf] [doi]

Three-dimensional machining of carbon nanotube forests using water-assisted scanning electron microscope processing.

B. Rajabifar, S. Kim, K. Slinker, G.J. Ehlert, A.J. Hart, M.R. Maschmann.
Applied Physics Letters, 107, 143102, 2015. [pdf] [doi]

Extremely elastic wearable carbon nanotube fiber strain sensor for monitoring of human motion.

S. Ryu, P. Lee, J.B. Chou, R. Xu, R. Zhao, A.J. Hart, S. Kim.
ACS Nano, 9(6):5929-5936, 2015. [pdf] [doi]

High speed roll-to-roll manufacturing of graphene using a concentric tube reactor.

E.S. Polsen, D.Q. McNerny, B. Viswanath, S.W. Pattinson, A.J. Hart
Scientific Reports 5(10257), 2015. [pdf] [doi]

Corrugated paraffin nanocomposite films as large stroke thermal actuators and self-activating thermal interfaces.

D. Copic, A.J. Hart
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 7(15):8218–8224, 2015. [pdf] [doi]

Electrostatic capacitance and Faraday cage behavior of carbon nanotube forests.

A. Ya'akobovitz, M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart.
Applied Physics Letters 106:053106, 2015. [pdf] [doi]

Mechanism and enhanced yield of carbon nanotube growth on stainless steel by oxygen-induced surface reconstruction.

S. Pattinson, B. Viswanath, D. Zakharov, J. Li, E.A. Stach, A.J. Hart.
Chemistry of Materials, 27(3):932-937, 2015. [pdf] [doi]

Rate limiting tradeoffs in machine design for extrusion-based additive manufacturing

J. Go, A.J. Hart
26th Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium

Dynamic printing of cells and microbeads for custom microfluidic assays

C.R. Oliver, N. Spielberg, A.J. Hart.
26th Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium

Photopatterning of freeform surfaces using a modular robotic system

A.G. Stevens, C.R. Oliver, L. Chin, A.J. Hart.
26th Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium

Selective single cell detachment and retrieval for downstream analyses using nanosecond laser pulses in CNT-coated microwell arrays.

Y.C. Chen, H.W. Baac, K.T. Lee, K. Teichert, A.J. Hart, L.J. Guo, E. Yoon.
The 19th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (MicroTAS), 2015



Enhanced surface capacitance of cylindrical micropillar arrays.

A. Ya'akobovitz, A.J. Hart.
Sensors and Actuators, A(219):32-37, 2014. [pdf] [doi]

Scaling the stiffness, strength, and toughness of ceramic-coated nanotube foams into the structural regime.

A. Brieland-Schoultz*, S. Tawfick*, S.J. Park*, M. Bedewy, M.R. Maschmann, J.W. Baur, A.J. Hart.
Advanced Functional Materials, 24(36):5728-5735, 2014. [pdf] [doi]

Strain-engineered manufacturing of freeform carbon nanotubes.

M. De Volder*, S.J. Park*, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart
Nature Communications, 5:4512, 2014. [pdf] [doi] [MIT News]

Materials, fabrication, and manufacturing of micro-nanostructured surfaces for phase-change heat transfer enhancement.

M. McCarthy, K. Gerasopolous, S.C. Maroo, A.J. Hart.
Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering, 18(3):288-310, 2014. [pdf] [doi]

Self-ordering of small-diameter metal nanoparticles by dewetting on hexagonal mesh templates.

E.R. Meshot, Z. Zhao, W. Lu, A.J. Hart.
Nanoscale, 6(17):10106-10112, 2014. [pdf] [doi]

Direct fabrication of graphene on SiO2 via thin film stress engineering.

D. McNerny, B, Viswanath, D. Copic, F. Laye, C. Prohoda, A. Brieland-Shoultz, E.S. Polsen, N.T. Dee, V.S. Veerasamy, A.J. Hart.
Scientific Reports (4):5049, 2014. [pdf] [doi]

Synergetic chemical coupling controls the uniformity of carbon nanotube microstructures.

M. Bedewy*, B. Farmer*, A.J. Hart.
ACS Nano 8(6):5799–5812, 2014. [pdf] [doi]

Precise control of elastocapillary densification of nanostructures via low pressure condensation.

S. Park, A.J. Schmidt, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart.
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering 24(6) 065019, 2014. [pdf] [doi]

Simultaneously high stiffness and damping in nanoengineered microtruss composites.

J. Meaud*, T. Sain*, B. Yeom*, S. Park*, A. Brieland-Shoultz, G. Hulbert, N.A. Kotov, A.J. Hart, E.M. Arruda, A.M. Waas.
ACS Nano 8(4) 3468-3475, 2014. [pdf] [doi]

Directed growth of primary motor neurons on horizontally aligned carbon nanotube films and striped patterns.

M.J. Roberts, M.K. Leach, M. Bedewy, E.R. Meshot, D. Copic, J.M. Corey, A.J. Hart.
Journal of Neural Engineering, 11(3):036013, 2014. [pdf] [doi]

Extensible-link kinematic model for characterizing and optimizing compliant mechanism motion.

J. Beroz, S. Awtar, A.J. Hart.
ASME Journal of Mechanical Design.136(3):031008, 2014. [pdf] [doi]

Rapid anisotropic photoconductive response of ZnO-coated aligned carbon nanotube sheets.

J.G. Ok, J. Lee, H. Baac, S. Tawfick, L.J. Guo, A.J. Hart.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 6(2):874-881, 2014. [pdf] [doi]

Continuum analysis of carbon nanotube array buckling enabled by anisotropic elastic measurements and modeling.

M.R. Maschmann, G.J. Ehlert, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart, J.W. Baur.
Carbon. 66:377-386, 2014. [pdf] [doi]

Fast imaging of carbon nanotube nucleation and growth processes using environmental TEM.

D.N. Zakharov, M. Bedewy, C. Czarnik, A.J. Hart, S. Misawa, E.A. Stach
Microscopy and Microanalysis, Hartford, CT, 2014.

Platform for in-vitro photo-patterning of whole animal C. elegans assays and behavior control.

C.R. Oliver, E. Gourgou, D. Bazopoulou, N. Chronis, A.J. Hart.
The 18th Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (MicroTAS), 2014

Design and implementation of a graduate course on additive manufacturing.

J. Go, A.J. Perez, A.J. Hart.
25th Annual Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, 2014.

Tunable volume handheld pipette using a pneumatic deamplification mechanism.

J. Beroz, S. Jiang, J. Lewandowski, A.J. Hart.
ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences (IDETC), 2014.

Self-folding of a laminated paper system.

A. Rao, A.J. Hart.
6th International Meeting on Origami in Science, Mathematics and Education (6OSME), 2014.

A modular collapsible folded paper tower.

M.J. Roberts, S. Tawfick, M. Shlian, A.J. Hart.
6th International Meeting on Origami in Science, Mathematics and Education (6OSME), 2014.



Robofurnace: A semi-automated laboratory CVD system for high-throughput nanomaterial synthesis and process discovery.

C.R. Oliver, W. Westrick, J. Koehler, A. Brieland-Shoultz, I. Anagnostopoulos Politis, T. Cruz-Gonazalez, A.J. Hart.
Review of Scientific Instruments. 84:115105, 2013. [pdf] [doi]

Local relative density modulates failure and strength in vertically aligned carbon nanotubes.

S. Pathak, N. Mohan, E. Decolvenaere, A. Needleman, M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart, J.R. Greer.
ACS Nano. 7(10):8593–8604, 2013. [pdf] [doi]

Self-assembly of suspended collagen films and their viability as cell culture substrates.

M.J. Roberts, N. Bhatt, C.M. Voge, E.R. Meshot, J.P. Stegemann, A.J. Hart.
Journal of Materials Chemistry B. 1(37):4711-4718, 2013. [pdf] [doi]

Enhancing the tensile properties of continuous millimeter-scale carbon nanotube fibers by densification.

F.A. Hill, T.F. Havel, A.J. Hart, C. Livermore.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 5(15):7198–7207, 2013. [pdf] [doi]

Decoupled control of carbon nanotube forest diameter and density by continuous-feed convective assembly of catalyst particles.

E.S. Polsen, M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart.
Small. 9: 2564–2575, 2013. [pdf] [doi]

Measurement of carbon nanotube microstructure density by optical attenuation and observation of size-dependent density variations.

S.J. Park, A.J. Schmidt, M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart.
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 15:11511-11519, 2013. [pdf] [doi]

Statistical analysis of variation in laboratory growth of carbon nanotube forests and recommendations for improvement of process consistency.

C.R. Oliver*, E.S. Polsen*, E.R. Meshot, S. Tawfick, S.J. Park, M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart.
ACS Nano. 7(4):3565–3580, 2013. [pdf] [doi]

Laser printing of nanoparticle toner enables digital control of micropatterned carbon nanotube growth.

E.S. Polsen*, A.G. Stevens*, A.J. Hart.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 5(9):3656–3662, 2013. [pdf] [doi]

Mechanics of capillary forming of aligned carbon nanotube assemblies.

S. Tawfick, Z. Zhao, M.R. Maschmann, A. Brieland-Shoultz, M. De Volder, J.W. Baur, W. Lu, A.J. Hart.
Langmuir. 29(17): 5190–5198, 2013. [pdf] [doi]

Mechanical coupling limits the density and quality of self-organized carbon nanotube growth.

M. Bedewy, A.J. Hart.
Nanoscale. 5:2928-2937, 2013. [pdf] [doi]

Nanoscale displacement measurement of microdevices via interpolation-based edge tracking of optical images.

A. Ya'akobovitz, D. Copic, J. Beroz, A.J. Hart.
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. 23:045004, 2013. [pdf] [doi]

Engineering hierarchical nanostructures by elastocapillary self-assembly.

M. De Volder, A.J. Hart.
Angewandte Chemie. 52:2412–2425, 2013. [pdf] [doi]

Carbon nanotubes: present and future commercial applications.

M. De Volder, S. Tawfick, R.H. Baughman, A.J. Hart.
Science. 339:535-589, 2013. [pdf] [doi]

Fluid flow through carbon nanotube forest microchannels.

K.B. Teichert, A.J. Hart.
17th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (MicroTAS 2013), 2013.

Fold mechanics of natural and synthetic origami papers.

A. Rao, S. Tawfick, M. Shlian, A.J. Hart.
ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences (IDETC), 2013.

Extensible-link kinematic model (ELKM) for determining motion characteristics of compliant mechanisms.

J. Beros, S. Awtar, A.J. Hart.
ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences (IDETC), 2013.

Deterministic design and manufacturing of carbon nanotube staple yarns.

S. Tawfick, A. Rao, A.J. Hart.
19th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM), 2013.

High-stroke actuation of aligned CNT-paraffin composite films.

D. Copic, A.J. Hart.
19th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM), 2013.

Replica molding of liquid crystal polymer microstructures for active surfaces.

D. Copic, A. Ya’akobovitz, A.J. Hart.
19th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM), 2013.

Fabrication and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube composite microtrusses.

S. Park, A. Brieland-Schoultz, M. Maschmann, S. Tawfick, M. De Volder, J.W. Baur, A.J. Hart.
19th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM), 2013.

Manufacturing of composite laminates with perforated carbon nanotube forest core.

S. Park, S. Tawfick, A. Brieland-Schoultz, A.J. Hart.
19th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM), 2013.

Roll-to-roll manufacturing of carbon nanotube forests on metal foils.

E.S. Polsen, D.Q. Mcnerney, A.J. Hart.
19th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM), 2013.

Characterization of anisotropic conduction of horizontally aligned carbon nanotube thin films.

S. Li, W. Hua, M. Liang, M. tuo, S. Tawfick, A.J. hart, Q. Zhu, H. Xin.
IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, 2013.

Fabrication and integration of horizontally aligned CNT-C60 films for thin film sensors.

M. De Volder, E.R. Meshot, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart.
17th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems (Transducers ’13), 2013.



Carbon nanotube optoacoustic lens for focused ultrasound generation and high-precision targeted therapy.

H.W. Baac, J.G. Ok, A. Maxwell, K.T. Lee, Y.C. Chen, A.J. Hart, Z. Xu, E. Yoon, L.J. Guo.
Scientific Reports. 2:989, 2012. [pdf] [doi]

Visualizing strain evolution and coordinated buckling in CNT arrays by in situ digital image correlation.

M.R. Maschmann, G. Ehlert, S.J. Park, D. Mollenhauer, B. Maryuama, A.J. Hart, J.W. Baur.
Advanced Functional Materials. 22:4686-4695, 2012. [pdf] [doi]

Wide range control of microstructure and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube forests: A comparison between fixed and floating catalyst CVD techniques.

O. Yaglioglu, A. Cao, A.J. Hart, R. Martens, A.H. Slocum.
Advanced Functional Materials. 22:5028-5037, 2012. [pdf] [doi]

Anisotropic Janus catalysts for spatially controlled chemical reactions.

W. Lv, K. Lee, J. Li, T. Park, A.J. Hart, F. Zhang, J. Lahann.
Small. 8(20):3116-3122, 2012. [pdf] [doi]

Diameter-dependent kinetics of activation and deactivation in carbon nanotube population growth.

M. Bedewy, E.R. Meshot, A.J. Hart.
Carbon. 50(14):5106-5116, 2012. [pdf] [doi]

Fabrication, densification, and replica molding of 3D carbon nanotube microstructures.

D. Copic, S.J. Park, S. Tawfick, M. De Volder, A.J. Hart.
Journal of Visualized Experiments. 65:e3980, 2012. [pdf] [doi]

High-speed in situ X-ray scattering of carbon nanotube film nucleation and self-organization.

E.R. Meshot, E.A. Verploegen, M. Bedewy, S. Tawfick, A.R. Woll, K.S. Green, M. Hromalik, L.J. Koerner, H.T. Philipp, M.W. Tate, S.M. Gruner, A.J. Hart.
ACS Nano. 6:5091–5101, 2012. [pdf] [doi]

Synthesis of tall carpets of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes via in situ generation of water vapor by preheating of added oxygen.

G.D. Nessim, A. Al-Obeidi, H. Grisaru, E.S. Polsen, C.R. Oliver, T. Zimrin, A.J. Hart, D. Aurbach, C.V. Thompson.
Carbon. 50:4002-4009, 2012. [pdf] [doi]

Capillary bending of Janus carbon nanotube micropillars.

S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart, M. De Volder.
Nanoscale. 4:3852-3856, 2012. [pdf] [doi]

Engineering of micro- and nanostructured surfaces with anisotropic geometries and properties.

S. Tawfick, M. De Volder, D. Copic, S.J. Park, E.S. Polsen, C.R. Oliver, M.J. Roberts, A.J. Hart.
Advanced Materials. 24:1628–1674, 2012. [pdf] [doi]

Photoconductive hybrid films via directional self-assembly of C60 on aligned carbon nanotubes.

E.R. Meshot, K. Patel, S. Tawfick, K.A. Juggernauth, M. Bedewy, E.A. Verploegen, M. De Volder, A.J. Hart.
Advanced Functional Materials. 22(3):577-584, 2012. [pdf] [doi]

Four degree of freedom liquid dispenser for direct write capillary self-assembly with sub-nanoliter precision

J. Beroz, M. Bedewy, M. Reinker, V. Chhajer, S. Awtar, A.J. Hart.
Review of Scientific Instruments. 83:015104, 2012. [pdf] [doi]

Chemically controlled bending of compositionally anisotropic microcylinders.

S. Saha, D. Copic, S. Bhaskar, N. Clay, A. Donini, A.J. Hart, J. Lahann.
Angewandte Chemie. 51(3):660-665, 2012. [pdf] [doi]



Population growth dynamics of carbon nanotubes.

M. Bedewy, E.R. Meshot, M.J. Reinker, A.J. Hart.
ACS Nano.5(11):8974-8989, 2011. [pdf] [doi]

Hydrogel-driven carbon nanotube microtransducers.

M. De Volder, S. Tawfick, D. Copic, A.J. Hart.
Soft Matter.7:9844-9847, 2011. [pdf] [doi]

Corrugated carbon nanotube microstructures with geometrically tunable compliance.

M. De Volder, S. Tawfick, S.J. Park, A.J. Hart.
ACS Nano.5(9):7310-7317, 2011. [pdf] [doi]

Hierarchical carbon nanowire microarchitectures made by plasma-assisted pyrolysis of photoresist

M. De Volder, R. Vansweevelt, P. Wagner, D. Reynaerts, C. Van Hoof, A.J. Hart.
ACS Nano. 5(8):6593-6600, 2011. [pdf] [DOI]

Non-destructive characterization of structural hierarchy within carbon nanotube assemblies

E.A. Verploegen, A.J. Hart, M. De Volder, S. Tawfick, K.K. Chia, R.E. Cohen.
Journal of Applied Physics. 109:094316, 2011. [pdf] [doi]

Structurally programmed folding of vertical carbon nanotube assemblies

S. Tawfick, M. De Volder, A.J. Hart.
Langmuir. 27(10):6389-6394, 2011. [pdf] [doi]

Continuous high-yield production of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes on 2D and 3D substrates

R. Guzman de Villoria, A.J. Hart, B.L. Wardle.
ACS Nano. 5(6):4850-4857, 2011. [pdf] [video] [doi]

Fabrication and electrical integration of robust carbon nanotube using self-directed elastocapillary densification

M. De Volder, S. Park, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart.
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. 21:045033, 2011. [pdf] [doi]

Fabrication of high-aspect-ratio polymer microstructures and hierarchical textures using carbon nanotube composite master molds

D. Copic, S.J. Park, S. Tawfick, M. De Volder, A.J. Hart.
Lab on a Chip. 11(10):1831-1837, 2011. [pdf] [doi]

Precursor gas chemistry determines the crystallinity of carbon nanotubes synthesized at low temperature

G.D. Nessim, M. Seita, D.L. Plata, K.P. O'Brien, A.J. Hart, E.R. Meshot, C.M. Reddy, P.M. Gschwend, C.V. Thompson.
Carbon. 49(3):804-810, 2011. [pdf] [doi]

Multidirectional hierarchical nanocomposites made by carbon nanotube growth within LBL-assembled films

J. Li, S. Srivastava, J.G. Ok, M. Bedewy, Y. Zhang, N.A. Kotov, A.J. Hart.
Chemistry of Materials. 23:1023-1031, 2011. [pdf] [doi]




Carbon nanotube composite optoacoustic transmitters for strong and high frequency ultrasound generation

H.W. Baac, J.G. Ok, H.J. Park, T. Ling, S.L. Chen, A.J. Hart, L.J. Guo.
Applied Physics Letters. 97:234104, 2010. [pdf] [doi]

Multiple alkynes react with ethylene to enhance carbon nanotube synthesis, suggesting a polymerization-like formation mechanism

D.L. Plata*, E.R. Meshot*, C.M. Reddy, A.J. Hart, P.M. Gschwend.
ACS Nano. 4(10):7185-7192, 2010. [pdf] [doi]

Characterizing the failure processes that limit the storage of energy in carbon nanotube springs under tension

F.A. Hill, T.F. Havel, A.J. Hart, C. Livermore.
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. 20:104012, 2010. [pdf] [doi]

Diverse 3D microarchitectures made by capillary forming of carbon nanotubes

M. De Volder,* S. Tawfick,* S. Park, D. Copic, Z. Zhao, W. Lu, A.J. Hart.
Advanced Materials. 22:4384-4389, 2010. [pdf] [doi]

Bending of nanoscale filament assemblies by elastocapillary densification

Z. Zhao, S. Tawfick, S.J. Park, M. De Volder, A.J. Hart, W. Lu.
Physical Review E. 82:041605, 2010. [pdf] [doi]

Electrically-addressable hybrid architectures of zinc oxide nanowires grown on aligned carbon nanotubes

J.G. Ok, S. Tawfick, K.A. Juggernauth, K. Sun, Y. Zhang, A.J. Hart.
Advanced Functional Materials. 20:2470-2480, 2010. [pdf] [doi]

Self-similar organization of arrays of individual carbon nanotubes and carbon nanotube micropillars

M. De Volder, D.O. Vidaud, E.R. Meshot, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart.
Microelectronic Engineering. 87(5-8):1233-1238, 2010. [pdf] [doi]

Ethanol-promoted growth of few- walled vertically aligned carbon nanotubes

Y. Zhang, J. Gregoire, R.B. Van Dover, A.J. Hart.
Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 114(14):6389-6395, 2010. [pdf] [doi]

Measuring the lengthening kinetics of vertically aligned nanostructures by spatiotemporal correlation of height and orientation

M. Bedewy, E.R. Meshot, K.M. Lyons, A.R. Woll, K.A. Juggernauth, S. Tawfick, A.J. Hart.
Nanoscale. 2:896-900, 2010. [pdf] [doi]

Nanocomposite microstructures with tunable mechanical and chemical properties

S. Tawfick, X. Deng, A.J. Hart, J. Lahann.
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 12:4446-4451, 2010. [pdf] [doi]




Flexible high conductivity carbon nanotube interconnects made by rolling and printing

S. Tawfick, K.P. O'Brien, A.J. Hart.
Small. 5(21):2467-2473, 2009. [pdf] [doi]

Early evaluation of potential environmental impacts of carbon nanotube synthesis by chemical vapor deposition

D.L. Plata, A.J. Hart, C.M. Reddy, P.M. Gschwend.
Environmental Science and Technology. 43(21):8367-8373, 2009. [pdf] [doi]

Collective mechanism of evolution and self-termination of vertically aligned carbon nanotube growth

M. Bedewy, E.R. Meshot, H. Guo, E.A. Verploegen, W. Lu, A.J. Hart.
Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 113:20576-20582, 2009. [pdf] [doi]

High-yield growth of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes on a continuously moving substrate

R. Guzman de Villoria, S.L. Figueredo, A.J. Hart, S.A. Steiner, A.H. Slocum, B.L. Wardle. Nanotechnology. 20:405611, 2009. [pdf] [doi]

Diffusional self-organization in exponential layer-by-layer with micro- and nanoscale periodicity

P. Podsiadlo, M. Michel, K. Critchley, S. Srivastava, M. Qin, J.W. Lee, E.A. Verploegen, A.J. Hart, Y. Qi, N.A. Kotov.
Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 48(38):7073-7077, 2009. [pdf] [doi]

Storing elastic energy in carbon nanotubes

F. Hill, T.F. Havel, A.J. Hart, C. Livermore.
Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. 19:094015, 2009. [pdf] [doi]

Nanoscale zirconia as a versatile non- metallic catalyst for graphitization of carbon and growth of single- and multi-wall carbon nanotubes

S.A. Steiner, T.F. Baumann, B.C. Bayer, M.A. Worsley, W.J. Moberlychan, E.L. Shaw, A.J. Hart, S. Hofmann, B.L. Wardle.
Journal of the American Chemical Society. 131:12144-12154, 2009. [pdf] [doi]

Engineering vertically aligned carbon nanotube growth by decoupled thermal treatment of precursor and catalyst

E.R. Meshot, D.L. Plata, S. Tawfick, E. Verploegen, A.J. Hart.
ACS Nano. 3(9):2477-2486, 2009. [pdf] [doi]

Low temperature synthesis of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes with ohmic contact to metallic substrates enabled by thermal decomposition of the carbon feedstock

G.D. Nessim, M. Seita, K.P. O'Brien, R.R. Mitchell, A.J. Hart, C.V. Thompson.
Nano Letters. 9(10):3398-3405,2009. [pdf] [doi]

High-yield growth of aligned carbon nanotubes on ceramic fibers for multifunctional enhancement of structural composites

N. Yamamoto, A.J. Hart, B.L. Wardle, E.J. Garcia, S.S. Wicks, H.M. Duong, A.H. Slocum.
Carbon. 47(3):551-560, 2009. [pdf/strong>] [doi]

Automated spin-assisted layer-by-layer assembly of nanocomposites

S. Vozar, Y.C. Poh, T. Serbowicz, M. Bachner, P. Podsiadlo, M. Qin, E. Verploegen, N.A. Kotov, A.J. Hart.
Review of Scientific Instruments. 80:023903, 2009. [pdf] [doi]

Exposure to nanoscale particles and fibers during machining of advanced composites containing carbon nanotubes

D. Bello, B.L. Wardle, K. Ahn, N. Yamamoto, E.J. García, A.J. Hart, M.J. Ellenbecker.
Journal of Nanoparticle Research. 11(1):231-249, 2009. [pdf] [doi]




High-Conductivity Polymer Nanocomposites Obtained by Tailoring the Characteristics of Carbon Nanotube Fillers

N. Grossiord, J. Loos, L. van Laake, M. Maugey, C. Zakri, C.E. Koning, A.J. Hart.
Advanced Functional Materials. 18(20):3226-3234, 2008. [pdf] [doi]

Tuning of vertically aligned carbon nanotube diameter and areal density through catalyst pre-treatment

G.D. Nessim, A.J. Hart, J.S. Kim, D. Acquaviva, J. Oh, C.D. Morgan, M. Seita, J.S. Leib, C.V. Thompson.
Nano Letters. 8(11):3587-3593, 2008. [pdf] [doi]

Fabrication and characterization of ultra-high volume fraction aligned carbon nanotube polymer composites

B.L. Wardle, D.S. Saito, E.J. García, A.J. Hart, R.G. de Villoria, E.A. Verploegen.
Advanced Materials. 20(14):2710-2714, 2008. [pdf] [doi]

Fabrication and multifunctional properties of a hybrid laminate with aligned carbon nanotubes grown in situ

E.J. García, B.L. Wardle, A.J. Hart, N. Yamamoto.
Composites Science and Technology. 68:2034-2041, 2008. [pdf] [doi]

Joining prepreg composite interfaces with aligned carbon nanotubes

E.J. García, B.L. Wardle, A.J. Hart.
Composites Part A. 39(6):1065-1070, 2008. [pdf] [doi]

Long carbon nanotubes grown on the surface of fibers for hybrid composites

E.J. Garcia, A.J. Hart, B.L. Wardle.
AIAA Journal. 46(6):1405-1412, 2008. [pdf] [doi]

Exponential growth of LBL films with incorporated inorganic sheets

P. Podsiadlo, M. Michel, J. Lee, E. Verploegen, N.W.S. Kam, J. Lee, Y. Qi, A.J. Hart, P.T. Hammond, N.A. Kotov.
Nano Letters. 8(6):1762-1770, 2008. [pdf] [doi]

Particle exposure levels during growth and subsequent handling of vertically aligned carbon nanotube films

D. Bello, A.J. Hart, K. Ahn, M. Hallock, N. Yamamoto, E.J. Garcia, B.L. Wardle, M.J. Ellenbecker.
Carbon. 46:974-977, 2008. [pdf] [doi]

Abrupt self-termination of vertically aligned carbon nanotube growth

E.R. Meshot, A.J. Hart.
Applied Physics Letters. 92:113107, 2008. [pdf] [doi]

Conductive carbon nanotube composite microprobes

O. Yaglioglu, R. Martens, A.J. Hart, A.H. Slocum.
Advanced Materials. 20:357-362, 2008. [pdf] [doi]




Characterizing the morphologies of mechanically-manipulated multi-wall carbon nanotube films by small-angle X-ray scattering

B.N. Wang, R.D. Bennett, E. Verploegen, A.J. Hart, R.E. Cohen.
J. Physical Chemistry C.111(48):17933-17940, 2007. [pdf] [doi]

Fabrication and nanocompression testing of aligned CNT/polymer nanocomposites

E.J. García, A.J. Hart, B.L. Wardle, A.H. Slocum.
Advanced Materials. 19:2151-2156, 2007. [pdf] [doi]

A suspended heated silicon platform for rapid thermal control of surface reactions with application to carbon nanotube synthesis

L.C. van Laake, A.J. Hart, A.H. Slocum.
Review of Scientific Instruments. 78:083901, 2007. [pdf] [doi]

2D and 3D growth of carbon nanotubes on substrates, from nanometre to millimetre scales

A.J. Hart, H.K. Taylor, A.H. Slocum.
International J. Nanomanufacturing. 1(6):701-709, 2007. [pdf] [doi]

Desktop growth of carbon nanotube monoliths with in situ optical imaging

A.J. Hart, L.C. van Laake, A.H. Slocum.
Small. 3(5):772-777, 2007. [pdf] [doi]

Quantitative characterization of the morphology of multi-wall carbon nanotube films by small-angle X-ray scattering

B.N. Wang, R.D. Bennett, E. Verploegen, A.J. Hart, R.E. Cohen.
Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 111(16):5859-5865, 2007. [pdf] [doi]

Fabrication of composite microstructures by capillarity-driven wetting of aligned carbon nanotubes with polymers

E.J. García, A.J. Hart, B.L. Wardle, A.H. Slocum.
Nanotechnology. 18(16):165602, 2007. [pdf] [doi]




Creating patterned carbon nanotube catalysts through the microcontact printing of block copolymer micellar thin films

R.D. Bennett, A.J. Hart, A.C. Miller, P.T. Hammond, D.J. Irvine, R.E. Cohen.
Langmuir. 22:8273-8276, 2006. [pdf] [doi]

Method of characterizing electrical contact properties of carbon nanotube coated surfaces

O. Yaglioglu, A.J. Hart, R. Martens, A.H. Slocum.
Review of Scientific Instruments. 77:095105, 2006. [pdf] [doi]

Controlling the morphology of carbon nanotube films by varying the areal density of catalyst nanoparticles using block copolymer micellar thin films

R.D. Bennett, A.J. Hart, R.E. Cohen.
Advanced Materials. 18:2274-2279, 2006. [pdf] [doi]

Force output, control of film structure, and micro-scale shape replication by carbon nanotube growth under mechanical pressure

A.J. Hart, A.H. Slocum.
Nano Letters. 6:1254-1260, 2006. [pdf] [doi]

Rapid growth and flow-mediated nucleation of millimeter- scale aligned carbon nanotube structures from a thin-film catalyst

A.J. Hart, A.H. Slocum.
J. Physical Chemistry B. 110(16):8250-8257, 2006. [pdf] [doi]

Uniform and selective CVD growth of carbon nanotubes and nanofibers on arbitrarily microstructured silicon surfaces

A.J. Hart, B.O. Boskovic, A.T.H. Chuang, V.B. Golovko, J. Robertson, B.F.G. Johnson, A.H. Slocum.
Nanotechnology. 17:1397-1403, 2006. [pdf] [doi]

Growth of conformal single-walled carbon nanotube films from Mo/Fe/Al2O3 deposited by electron beam evaporation

A.J. Hart, A.H. Slocum, L. Royer.
Carbon. 44(2):348-359, 2006. [pdf] [doi]




Experimental determination of kinematic coupling repeatability in industrial and laboratory conditions

P.J. Willoughby, A.J. Hart, A.H. Slocum.
SME J. Manufacturing Systems. [pdf] [doi]




Segmented and shielded structures for reduction of thermal expansion-induced tilt errors

A.J. Hart, A.H. Slocum, J. Sutin.
J. Int'l. Soc. Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology. 28:443-458, 2004. [pdf] [doi]

Kinematic coupling interchangeability

A.J. Hart, A.H. Slocum, P.J. Willoughby.
J. Int'l. Soc. Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology. 28:1-15, 2004. [pdf] [doi]




Linear motion carriage with aerostatic bearings preloaded by inclined iron core linear electric motor

A.H. Slocum, M. Basaran, R. Cortesi, A.J. Hart.
J. Int’l. Soc. Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology. 27:382-394, 2003. [pdf] [doi]