S. Saha, D. Copic, S. Bhaskar, N. Clay, A. Donini, A.J. Hart, J. Lahann. Chemically controlled bending of compositionally anisotropic microcylinders. Angewandte Chemie 51(3):660-665, 2012. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.201105387]
We report a new type of compositionally anisotropic microcylinders, where defined compartments within the same microcylinder undergo differential expansion due to the site-selective growth of a surface layer. The asymmetric expansion creates surface stresses resulting in significant and controllable bending of the microcylinders, which depends on the particle geometry and the architecture of the surface layers. Using finite element simulations, we verify the observed bending trends and derive a family of performance curves that predict a wide-range tunability of the actuation stroke based on the cylinder geometry and the amount of swelling.
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